If you have type 2 diabetes, your blood sugar level - the primary type of sugar found in your blood - can rise to dangerous levels. This is because the main mechanism for controlling blood sugar levels is severely inhibited. Insulin is usually used to regulate blood sugar. Fortunately, you can find alternative methods to control high blood sugar.
What you put in your body is central to this effort.
The key is to find ways to moderate the effect of carbohydrates, which are broken down into blood sugar (sugar) relatively quickly, thereby causing blood sugar rises.
According to research, consuming tomato juice before carbohydrates can alleviate the impact of food on blood sugar levels.
In the study, 25 healthy women consumed either 200 grams of tomato juice, tomato or water (control) 30 minutes before consuming 200 grams of cooked white rice at. 9.00 and ate identical lunch at. 13.00 for three days.
READ MORE: Diabetes: The golden fluid that 'noticeably' lowers blood sugar
Blood glucose concentrations were measured by self-monitoring blood glucose at 0, 30, 45, 60, 90, 150 and 210 minutes before and after breakfast and at 0, 30, 60, 120, 150 and 180 minutes before and after lunch.
Concentration levels of postprandial glucose (mean blood sugar after eating) were compared between three days.
What did the researchers find out?
Blood glucose concentrations 60 minutes and 90 minutes after consuming tomato juice 30 minutes before carbohydrates were all "significantly" lower than water, the researchers wrote.
They concluded: "Intake of tomato juice half an hour before carbohydrate improves the postprandial blood sugar concentrations, even though the total amounts of energy and carbohydrate in tomato juice are higher than water."
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Foods with low or medium GI degrade more slowly and cause a gradual increase in blood sugar levels over time.
They include some fruits and vegetables, legumes and whole grains, such as oatmeal.
"Some low GI foods, such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans and lentils, are foods we should eat as part of a healthy, balanced diet," the NHS notes.
Type 2 diabetes - symptoms to spot
Many people have type 2 diabetes without being aware of it. This is because the symptoms do not necessarily make you feel uncomfortable.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:
- Urinates more than usual, especially at night
- Feeling thirsty all the time
- Feeling very tired
- To lose weight without trying it
- Itching around your penis or vagina, or repeatedly getting thrush
- Cuts or wounds take longer to heal
- Blurry vision.
"See a GP if you have any of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes or you are concerned that you may be at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes," advises the NHS.
The health agency adds: "You should have a blood test that you may need to go to your local health center for if this is not possible with your doctor."